Saturday, July 18, 2015

Blood and Thunder, By Sidney Lumet and Upcoming Festivals

I recently had the great honor of starring in my good friend Alex Fofonoff's first feature film, titled Blood and Thunder, which is soon to be released. The production wrapped in May after five months of shooting, and I cannot thank the fine people involved enough for such a great shoot and for giving me the acting experience of a lifetime. I am truly going to miss working on this movie.

I was lucky enough to view a close-to-finished cut of the film last month and again this week, and boy, has Alex made a great movie! I'm incredibly proud to appear in all ninety minutes of this crazy picture.

We had our last full day of shooting Blood and Thunder on May 12th, with two big locations: Melody Lanes, a great bowling alley in Brooklyn, and a Brooklyn concert venue, followed by a final day of pick-up shots on May 14th. Leading up to the shoot at Melody Lanes, I had many character research nights at the bowling alley, including many fascinating discussions with Peter, the bartender who acts in the film. He was a terrific scene partner.

We started shooting the picture on the weekend of Friday, December 5th, when the cast and crew drove down to Virginia and stayed two nights at our friend Daniel Hasse's incredible ranch. Interestingly enough, we shot both the very beginning and ending of the picture during those two days. My costars included the great Bristol Pomeroy (as my character's father), Megan Hasse (as my character's sister), and one of the Hasse family's horses.

The next weekend, on December 13th and 14th, we drove up to beautiful Beacon, New York and shot at a variety of great locations, including an antique shop, a candy store, the Beacon train station, an abandoned house, a restaurant and a scenic view by the Hudson River. It didn't hit me until I heard our assistant director say we were shooting Scene 46 that this was one big movie.

We picked back up in January for a very cold and tightly scheduled four-day shoot, where we filmed many exterior scenes in Gowanus and other sections of Brooklyn. This included a night-time murder scene in a scrap yard along the Gowanus Canal, a chilly alleyway scene that nearly froze my co-star Desi Domo and me to death, several scenes inside a Brooklyn motel room, scenes in Sunset Park, several bridges in Brooklyn and exterior shots in Harlem and Grand Central Station. It's the coldest I've been in some time (my character wears the same, not quite warm-enough costume for the entire movie), but these scenes look amazing on camera.

In February, we shot for three more days for a critical party sequence at two different Brooklyn apartments, as well as John F. Kennedy International Airport and several Brooklyn subway stations. The weather was still freezing, but again, it really gives a life to the locations and overall feeling of the picture. By the time we finally shot on a sunny day (in March, our fourteenth day of shooting) in Washington Square Park, I was surprised to get a massive sunburn from being out in the park all day.

We finished shooting in April and May with the aforementioned bowling alley sequences at Melody Lanes (which overall involved three shooting days), as well as one massive sixteen hour-day of shooting in which two critical apartment scenes (from very different points in the movie) were filmed. In total, we filmed for nearly three weeks over the course of several months, and refined performances in rehearsals along the way.

I was so fortunate to get this opportunity from Alex, who wrote a terrific script with me in mind for the leading role, and I felt free to take a lot of chances under his direction (along with the support of so many great actors, including Desi, Bristol, Peter, Megan, Kristin Parker, Pat Dwyer, Ben Kahre, Taylor Myers and more.) The crew, including cinematographer Oliver Anderson, producer Charles Malin, sound mixers Adam Boese and Nick Chirumbolo, assistant director Raven Jensen, production designer Danny Porter and many others, were a delight to work with, as well.

If this picture in any way helps jumpstart an acting career for me, I'd be overjoyed - but even if it doesn't, I'm thrilled I got the chance to show what I can do in terms of performance and carrying a feature film. I think the movie is a better representation of my skills than many other things I've helped make, and I'm very excited for people to see it.

My movie You Can't Put Your Arms Around A Memory will have its official festival premiere at the 9th Athens International Short Film Festival Psarokokalo in Athens, Greece as the only short film from the United States in the International Competition. I'm thrilled for my film to be among the International Competition in Psarokokalo.

Additionally, I recently heard that the movie is an Official Selection of The Hudson Valley International Film Festival in upstate New York, which runs from August 14th - 16th, and an Official Selection of the Black Cat Picture Show in Augusta, Georgia, which runs from August 21st - 23rd at Le Chat Noir.

The Psarokokalo screening will also be in August, and per their website, "for the 9th year, the International Short Film Festival Psarokokalo gathers the best short films from the most important international film festivals (Cannes, Sundance, Rotterdam, Clermont Ferrant and others) which make their debut in Greece." Well, we weren't at any of those festivals, but I'm overjoyed the movie is in such great company!

Here is a link to the Psarokokalo website, and the official list of the International Competition (as well as our film's page on their website - we screen in the Competition 5 section on August 8th), and here is a link to the Black Cat Picture Show's line-up of their Official Selections.

I won't be going to the screening in Greece, but I'll definitely be heading upstate for the Hudson Valley screening, if anyone wants information about the screening date/ time and tickets. The screening schedule can be found here.

In April, You Can't Put Your Arms Around A Memory screened at NYU's First Run Festival at 8:30 PM in Room 200, the largest theater at the Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Film Center. It was fantastic to see my film on such a large screen at Cantor, where so many films were shown during my years at NYU. We had a great turnout for the screening (including lead actor Mike Wesolowski, cinematographer Benjamin Dewey and sound designer Bobb Barito, among many others.)

Check out the page for You Can't Put Your Arms Around A Memory on the First Run Film Festival website here.

I wasn't able to talk about this project for some time, but now that it's out in the open, I'm thrilled to announce that the film on which I've been working as Associate Producer and Assistant Editor, By Sidney Lumet, premiered at this year's Cannes Film Festival in May. Sidney Lumet was one of the greatest of all filmmakers, and I'm overjoyed to be a part of Nancy Buirski's wonderful documentary about him.

After its premiere at Cannes, By Sidney Lumet got its first rave review from The Hollywood Reporter. This was soon followed by a great review and an in-depth interview with Buirski by IndieWire.

With an illustrious crew including editor Anthony Ripoli, special advisor Martin Scorsese and executive producer Brett Ratner, I was deeply honored to have four credits on this great film (in addition to Associate Producer and Assistant Editor, I was also a Researcher and Bookkeeper.) After spending many months in the editing room, it continues to be a joy to work on this movie, and I never get tired of watching it. That's a testament to the fascinating interview footage of Mr. Lumet in the film, and the great archival clips from so many of his masterful films, including Dog Day Afternoon (1975), Network (1976), Prince of the City (1981), Serpico (1973), Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007), The Verdict (1982), 12 Angry Men (1957), Long Day's Journey Into Night (1964) and Daniel (1983).

By Sidney Lumet most recently screened at the Jerusalem Film Festival this month, and I'm sure as we continue working on the film, I will have much more to report in the coming months. This is a very special picture.

In April, I had the honor of directing a video for the Dallas Spiders Club sketch comedy group, titled Broken Glass. Look for it online soon! The video stars my good friend Mike Wesolowski (who starred in You Can't Put Your Arms Around A Memory), along with Taylor Frey, Justin Danforth and Shelby Leshine, who are some of the funniest and most talented people I know.

So many of my favorite filmmakers are releasing, or have already released, new movies in cinemas this year. Any time Cameron Crowe puts out a new film, it's a cause for celebration. If you feel at home during his movies (as I do), you'll love his latest one, Aloha, which stars Bradley Cooper, Emma Stone, Bill Murray, Rachel McAdams and Alec Baldwin. I wish more people had seen this wonderful film, which is full of more heart than most other pictures this year. Filmmaker Alex Ross Perry wrote an excellent article about Aloha and the unwarranted criticism of Crowe's recent films, in which he correctly wrote, "I suppose it’s indicative of our rotten, cynical culture, in which the greatest appreciation of things is purely ironic, that Aloha is apparently doomed to play to empty theaters while Vin Diesel movies about flying cars not only make money but also earn the respect and admiration of people who purport to care about cinema."

Critics and audiences did themselves a disservice by shunning this movie, but I'm happy to champion the picture and its wonderful soundtrack (one of many wonderful music moments in Aloha comes courtesy of Fleetwood Mac's I Know I'm Not Wrong.) You can watch my full video review of Aloha in my previous blog post, along with video reviews of Love & Mercy, Inside Out and Avengers: Age of Ultron.

Early this year, two of my favorite directors - Clint Eastwood and Michael Mann - both released great films, one of which was widely seen, while the other didn't get the audience it deserved. Mann's Blackhat is another work of art from the master filmmaker, with shootouts as thrilling as those in Heat (1995) and Public Enemies (2009). It was the first official great film of 2015. Eastwood's American Sniper was deservedly a huge hit (it was technically a 2014 release, and just barely missed my top ten list of the year), and the legendary director's best film since Letters from Iwo Jima (2006). Bradley Cooper is astonishing in the movie, and it's doubly impressive considering Eastwood also gave us Jersey Boys last year. American Sniper is a complex picture that was over-simplified by some critics who were mystified by its success. As The Dissolve beautifully wrote, "It's been heartening to follow the quieter, more rigorous conversation about [American Sniper] among those whose job it is to treat it as a film, not a political talking point. Films mean something, and they deserve better than snap judgments and pre-determined, agenda-serving conclusions."

Manglehorn is a beautiful end to David Gordon Green's Texas trilogy, with an incredible performance from Al Pacino. Green's recent films - Manglehorn, Joe (2014) and Prince Avalanche (2013) - have more personality and rich local flavor to them than anything else out there.

Of the upcoming releases from directors whose work I love, I am most excited for David O. Russell's Joy, starring Jennifer Lawrence, Robert De Niro, Bradley Cooper, Isabella Rosselini and Diane Ladd, and Leonardo DiCaprio and Tom Hardy in Alejandro González Iñárritu's The Revenant. I will also be first in line for Woody Allen's Irrational Man, starring Joaquin Phoenix and Emma Stone, coming out this summer, and Steven Spielberg's Bridges of Spies, starring Tom Hanks and written by Joel and Ethan Coen, coming out in the fall.

Meanwhile, as Noah Baumbach's While We're Young remains one of my favorite movies of the year so far (and possibly my favorite Baumbach film), he already has another film, Mistress America, coming out in August. Two Baumbach movies in the same year means he's likely taking up two of the spots on my end-of-year top ten list.

I could not be more excited for these films - I mean, who cares about the next superhero trailer when you get releases like these from our greatest directors?

Meanwhile, there's The Program, from director Stephen Frears, starring Ben Foster as Lance Armstrong, and Dustin Hoffman. And De Niro, my hero, is also starring in the new comedy from Nancy Meyers, The Intern.

On Saturday, June 27th, I had a nice conversation with Patrick Brice, director of the new film The Overnight, before he introduced a screening of the film at Austin's Regal Arbor Cinema (where I spend most of my time when visiting Austin, along with the Alamo Drafthouse.) It's a very funny film and worth seeing.

I'll write more about many other good films I've seen this year in my next post.

Earlier in July, my dear friend Lucas Loredo and I ventured to see my favorite movie of all time, Martin Scorsese's Goodfellas, on the big screen at Film Forum for its 25th Anniversary in a new restoration. The movie has never looked so glorious - every time I see it, I am astounded by its power and its ability to thrill me.

There have been a number of good articles written on the film for its anniversary, including Richard Brody's article Scorsese's Achievement with Goodfellas from The New Yorker, Filmmaker Magazine's Of Tarantino and TV: The Legacy of Goodfellas, along with a Goodfellas supercut from IndieWire and 24 (or 25) Things You Didn't Know about Goodfellas.

Over the past six months, we've lost a number of wonderful and influential people in the film industry. The great film critic Richard Corliss passed away - Martin Scorsese, Steven Spielberg and many others had wonderful things to say about Corliss, and one of his final pieces was a terrific tribute to Robert Redford for Film Society of Lincoln Center. Here are 25 Great Movie Reviews by Richard Corliss worth reading.

Albert Maysles, one of the greatest filmmakers of all time, died earlier this year, as well. His film Gimme Shelter is one of the finest documentaries ever made, and I had the honor of seeing him at a post-screening reception for Afternoon of a Faun: Tanaquil Le Clercq last year.

We also lost two of the greatest producers of all time, Robert Chartoff (Raging Bull, The Right Stuff, Point Blank, Rocky) and Jerry Weintraub (Nashville, Cruising, Ocean's Eleven); The Simpsons co-creator Sam Simon, whose name appears every time I'm about to watch twenty-two minutes of joyous fun; the filmmaker Francesco Rosi; actor Edward Herrmann (so good in The Aviator, Intolerable Cruelty, The Purple Rose of Cairo and Overboard); David Carr, an amazing journalist and the hero of Page One: Inside the New York Times (2011); legendary actor Christopher Lee; Errol Brown, lead singer of Hot Chocolate (whose music Noah Baumbach uses so winningly in Frances Ha and in the trailer for Mistress America); and actor and playwright Ira Lewis.

Before I take off, here's a link to my Intermediate Narrative film The Wheels, which is now available to watch for free on Vimeo. It was awarded the Best Student Film prize at the 2012 Metropolitan Film Festival of New York, and was an Official Selection of The 2012 Coney Island Film Festival.

The Wheels - A Film By Jack Kyser from Jack Kyser on Vimeo.

Friday, July 10, 2015

Film Review - Love & Mercy

Bill Pohlad’s Love & Mercy is the best movie of the year so far, a caring and understanding film about mental illness, the best musician biopic since Todd Haynes’s I'm Not There (not coincidentally, Oren Moverman co-wrote both that film and Love & Mercy), and an incredibly comforting film, with the best performances and music I’ve seen and heard this year. It has moments of such stunning power that I felt compelled to see it again, as I often do with movies I love, and examine why it’s so effective and moving.

Paul Dano and John Cusack brilliantly portray Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys at two very different points in his life – Dano during the creation of the masterful album Pet Sounds in the 1960s, and Cusack in the 1980s, when Wilson was in terrible mental health and under the care of Dr. Eugene Landy (Paul Giamatti). Landy misdiagnoses Brian as a paranoid schizophrenic, and keeps him estranged from his family for years. When Brian meets his future wife, Melinda Ledbetter (Elizabeth Banks) while buying a car from her dealership, he finds not only a soul mate empathetic to his mental illness, but someone willing to fight against the tyrannical Landy to help Brian find his way back to himself.

Jumping back and forth between time periods, the movie gives us one remarkable sequence after another, all of which feel organic and thematically connected (and not simply like a greatest-hits of major events from a person’s life, a problem in many biopics.) Just as The Beach Boys seem to be bridging apart while creating Pet Sounds, we get a perfect recreation of the music video for Sloop John B, and the power of this recreation comes not just from the beauty of the song, but from seeing the brothers as comrades – goofy, fun-loving and joyous, playing around in their backyard swimming pool.

It’s the same pool where, in another magnificent scene, while the band tries to have a business meeting, Brian barely hangs onto a raft in the deep end. His only request is that they whisper and join him on the other side of the pool, and it’s heartbreaking to watch as the meeting goes on, with Brian seemingly oblivious to the larger implications of the band’s decisions as he tries to stay afloat on his end of the pool.

Director Bill Pohlad has only directed one other film, but his directorial choices in this movie are so strong, you’d think he was one of our most seasoned filmmakers. Pohlad produced Brokeback Mountain (2005), Into the Wild (2007), The Tree of Life (2011) and 12 Years a Slave (2013), and perhaps working with such excellent filmmakers has enabled him to make a film every bit the equal of those other masterful titles.

I think of the many strong editorial and camera choices made throughout the film. In an early date between Brian and Melinda, there’s a long take where Brian describes his childhood, and the camera stays on Melinda. We catch glimpses of Brian’s face from the reflection at the back of the booth, but mostly, we’re watching Melinda slowly fall in love with him.

There’s a slow 360-shot later in the film that simply seems to take in the life and creativity flowing among the sessions band and Brian in the recording studio. Or what about the sequence near the end, in which Dano's Brian and Cusack’s Brian seem to merge when he confines himself to his bed at the height of his depression, and sees visions of characters from his past and present, beautifully set to In My Room?

Both Cusack and Dano’s performances feel free, alive and not even remotely constricted to playing to an audience’s pre-conceived idea of Brian Wilson, whatever that might be. They each create a memorable and unique character completely separate from the real-life Wilson, and that’s really what makes the character feel real (and, as I’m Not There so terrifically proved, casting more than one actor in a role like this only adds to our complex understanding of the person.)

So many films about geniuses – whether famous musicians or physicists (ahem, The Theory of Everything) – are simply content to show the genius completing an equation or being smarter than everyone else in the room, without bothering to actually explain what it is they do, or, even harder, help us understand how they’re doing it.

Here is a film that attempts to actually understand how a genius works, in large part through its rich use of sound and score (Atticus Ross uses elements of many of Wilson’s songs in his score, but breaks them down into their separate parts.) Because many of the individual sounds and notes seem distantly familiar to us (through knowing the music of The Beach Boys), we’re able to understand how Brian can isolate different elements in his head and try to piece them together as a new song.

The film is such an aural experience, which is made clear by the early shot that slowly pulls out of Brian’s eardrum. It’s as much a movie to listen to as it is to watch – attuned to the sounds and noises Brian experiences in his everyday life.

With the music, you can feel Brian reaching for something greater. Is it God? You can feel it in the songs, which are transcendent, as if Wilson made a connection through to another world of indescribable emotions and sensations. Listening to the sounds in his head becomes its own journey of discovering the notes of songs you’ve always known, which feel bigger than all of us – like music that’s always been there, it’s just been waiting for a human to piece it together.

The look of the film is extraordinary. As filmed by Robert Yeoman (who shot all of Wes Anderson's pictures), the warm palettes of the 1960s, with Brian surrounded by his family (whatever disagreements there may be among them), contrast beautifully with the later sequences, which largely take place in white, sterile spaces to which Landy has confined Brian. It’s only the presence of Melinda that gives us hope. Even in its more intense moments, though, there is a calming and comforting quality to Love & Mercy, perhaps because we view the world through such a kind and gentle man, whose only aim seems to be to make the sounds in his head make sense. May we all be granted such love and mercy.

Sitting in the Alamo Drafthouse cinema on South Lamar and experiencing Love & Mercy for the second time, I was overcome with an emotion that I only experience during the perfect match of film and movie experience (a perfect movie experience, by the way, constitutes a quiet, attentive theater in the grasp of a good story.) But I also felt this particular movie in a way I rarely do anymore – certainly not in New York cinemas, where the loudest people reign supreme. Love & Mercy is so gentle and powerful, that I was already sad for the day when my enthusiasm for the movie will wane and my energy will be directed toward another picture. As I watched it, I could not shake the feeling of how fresh and powerful the film seemed to me now – just as Silver Linings Playbook (2012) and Boyhood (2014) were films I felt deeply during earlier months of my life. And though I adore both of those movies, they have now retreated into my long list of favorite films – I will return to them again, certainly, but the period of my life that they defined is now over.

Oh, but to be there and experience a picture in that new way upon its first release. I don’t want Love & Mercy to ever be “the film from last summer.” It is how I feel now, and I find myself wanting to retreat back to that quiet cinema on that peaceful summer day. I’m not ready to move on to another feeling, because it won’t be the same as that film and that cinema on that day. That’s how it feels, at least. Perhaps it’s my nostalgia for Austin kicking in. More than likely, though, it’s just the perfect combination of cinema experience and motion picture, which we so rarely get. I suppose rather than being wistful, I should be thankful – for films as good as this, and for audiences out there willing to shut out the noise and listen.

For the past few months, I've started doing video reviews for Austin Family (for whom I've been writing a film column since 2004) - here are the three inaugural reviews, of Love & Mercy, Inside Out, Aloha and Avengers: Age of Ultron

Thursday, May 7, 2015

Film Review - While We're Young

Noah Baumbach’s While We’re Young opens with a quote from Henrik Ibsen’s play The Master Builder:

Solness: “I’ve become so disturbed by younger people. They upset me so much that I’ve closed my doors.”

Hilde: “Maybe you should open the door and let them in.”

Paul McCartney’s Let ‘Em In echoes this same sentiment in the film’s closing credits.

It’s one of two contrasting sentiments that the movie gives us; the other is best exemplified by James Murphy’s opening and closing lullaby rendition of David Bowie’s Golden Years, which is alternately both sweet and unnerving. Let them in, yes, but also be wary. It’s these two contrasting viewpoints that make While We’re Young so rich and complex.

The first act by itself is such a funny observation on the cultural and behavioral differences between modern-day twenty-somethings and middle-aged adults that I was caught off-guard when the film goes even deeper. Even more so than Baumbach’s masterful Frances Ha (2013), While We’re Young packs it in. This movie keeps expanding as it goes along in unexpected ways, taking on larger themes and ideas with every passing minute. I kept waiting for it to not quite manage all of these things successfully  – but Baumbach pulls it together beautifully.

Ben Stiller and Naomi Watts star as married couple Josh and Cornelia. He’s a documentarian who has been toiling away on the same film for eight years, while she produces the films of her legendary documentary filmmaker father, Leslie Breitbart (the great Charles Grodin, whose return to movies, in both this movie and last year’s The Humbling, is a beautiful thing). Josh was once Leslie’s protégé, but, after marrying his daughter, he’s distanced himself from the filmmaker in order to establish his own career.

When Josh and Cornelia meet a younger married couple, the impossibly hip Brooklynites Jamie (Adam Driver) and Darby (Amanda Seyfried) after Josh’s lecture to a documentary film class at Columbia, they suddenly find themselves spending all of their time with two people twenty years their junior. Jamie, a self-professed fan of Josh’s films, asks him to collaborate on an idea for a documentary. At first, Josh declines, but then, acknowledging his past unwillingness to collaborate with others, he opens up to Jamie’s idea. Both Josh and Cornelia are enamored by the young couple’s liveliness, and let them both in fully.

But what starts as admiration and even genuine friendship eventually grows into annoyance – after all, these kids don’t even know what they’re referencing half the time. “That’s a thing I actually experienced – to him, its just some kitschy thing he saw on YouTube,” Josh complains of an old commercial James quotes ironically. Finally, annoyance leads to disgust, as Josh discovers that Jamie’s hip exterior masks a morally questionable code of ethics.

The film’s third act is insane – when Josh exposes Jamie in the middle of a Lincoln Center tribute to Leslie, it’s a kind of fantasy situation in which Baumbach is able to articulate his frustration with a set of values in front of this cast of characters, and they’re all able to fight it out and respond with their own perspectives. It’s absolutely hilarious, beautiful and would never happen in real life. Thankfully, While We’re Young has very little interest in naturalism (there’s one scene in particular that feels like a bad dream – and Stiller even says something to that effect.) So many movies nowadays are concerned with naturalism, but Baumbach proves – as do Woody Allen, Alexander Payne and Wes Anderson in their films – that it’s rarely as effective as a slightly artificial movie world in terms of hinting at some kind of greater truth.

It’s frustrating to watch Jamie experience the kind of success that’s eluded Josh for years, despite the fact that Jamie doesn’t adhere to either the ethics of documentary filmmaking or really any basic values as a decent person. And when Josh finally exposes him as a fraud, nobody even seems to really mind.

In the end sequence at Lincoln Center, Leslie admits that the nature of what constitutes “truth” in filmmaking is changing, and we have to be open to that. “I’m not sure it matters,” Leslie says, referring to the falsehoods in Jamie’s documentary. Leslie is more accepting that the times are changing, and that the “how” of Jamie’s film matters less than the effect of the movie. In the end, Josh can’t stop this guy from succeeding. Jamie’s values are now the world’s values – at the expense of his success in documentary filmmaking even meaning anything, since everyone is now a documentary filmmaker. It’s just like the toddler playing with an iPhone and taking pictures in the film’s last scene – everyone is recording everything, and it all means nothing.

Leslie, on his way out after a storied career, is more open to this change because he had all of the success he ever wanted doing it the old way. And now, just as Josh is trying to achieve that same success in his own life, in comes this new way of doing things – a new way of earning respect as a filmmaker. It’s comparable to the fact that I’ll never be able to achieve what Martin Scorsese achieved – partially because the landscape of filmmaking is changing so rapidly. It’s easier for someone who ruled the day in their field to be open to the future, because they had their time. But what about my time? What about Josh’s time? While We’re Young seems to share that frustration.

Even as they’re about to embark on adopting their own child in the final scene, both Josh and Cornelia are kind of disgusted and disturbed by this toddler taking pictures with an iPhone. The future is scary. And pretty soon, all those things that seemed special before and actually meant something won’t mean anything any longer. If that sounds like old man talk, it’s because – to quote Stiller – I am an old man! (By the way, I’m well aware that I’m closer in age to Jamie, even though I identify more with Josh and his values.)

While You’re Young is a wonderfully angry film. Baumbach doesn’t settle for some kind of wishy-washy “Well, each generation is different from the last one, and each one is valid in their own ways“ attitude. What makes the movie work is that it has a perspective. When it wants to be, it is incisively sharp, indicting the generational values of millennials while also accepting the fact that accepted values and norms are changing.

Even as the film ends with Josh admitting that Jamie “isn’t evil – he’s just young,” the movie still has a perspective, which is that these people are awful. And it’s right. Take Josh’s painful meeting with Jamie’s corporate hedge-fund friend. Sure, Josh’s pitch for his years-in-the-making documentary may not be very streamlined or “sellable” – but it’s humiliating for him to have to explain his movie to the most vapid potential investor imaginable. It’s going to be a scary world when people like that guy are in charge – and they may already be.

Wednesday, December 31, 2014

The Best Films of 2014

This year’s top ten – heck, the entire top twenty-five – is incredibly strong. By the time I saw Clint Eastwood’s American Sniper last week, I felt undeniably that it belonged in my top ten. And yet the ten movies already there were so dear to my heart, that there simply wasn’t one I could take away. How something as sublime as Wes Anderson's The Grand Budapest Hotel could only be #10 on my list is still a mystery, which I suppose speaks to the strength of the movies on this list. As usual, the rankings are somewhat arbitrary, as any movie on this list could be justifiably called the best of the year.

1. Birdman, or the Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance (Alejandro González Inárritu)

Alejandro González Inárritu’s Birdman is a tour-de-force of cinema. Michael Keaton gives the best performance of the year as Riggan Thompson, a washed-up movie star most famous for playing the superhero Birdman in a series of 1990s blockbusters. He’s now writing, directing and starring in an adaptation of Raymond Carver’s What We Talk About When We Talk About Love on Broadway. In the process, he’s haunted by the voice of Birdman, who reminds him at every turn that he doesn’t belong onstage – he belongs in a blockbuster. Tumbling in and out of Riggan’s world are his daughter and now assistant, Sam (Emma Stone), his manager Jake (Zach Galifianakis) and a critically acclaimed stage actor (Edward Norton) intent on sabotaging the production.

The main visual conceit behind Birdman is that it’s meant to look like one long, unbroken take, and on a purely technical level, the film has some of the most impressive blocking of actors and camera choreography I’ve ever seen. I mean, the camera is always in the right place at the right time. Never once does the filmmaking feel locked-in. I never wanted Inárritu to just cut and take us to another location. The sense of place is so well established in Birdman – I’ve rarely felt like I’ve experienced something in a certain location as vividly as I do with the St. James Theater and the surrounding area in this movie.

Birdman also understands and conveys the spontaneity of live theatre better than any movie I can remember. Because performing onstage is one continuous experience, the effect of the film unfolding as one take is incredibly effective, never more so than when Riggan and his fellow actors are in the middle of a performance, where it truly feels like anything can happen. The movie has what I might call a “stragefright” element, something I’ve been hoping to imbue in one of my own scripts - a free-wheeling, downright musical quality (can we talk about Antonio Sanchez's kinetic drum score?) and tempo that perfectly accompanies its depiction of a man flustering his way through an overwhelming mounting of a production.

And even when we’re watching scenes with characters that aren’t Riggan, somehow the entire movie feels like an experience ripped from his consciousness. The experiential aspect of this movie, to me, is even more of an achievement than that of Alfonso Cuaron’s Gravity (2013), which similarly had numerous long takes (and also was brilliantly filmed by cinematographer Emmanuel Lubezski). But the camera choreography in Birdman mimics the chaos and unpredictability of everyday life, all the while capturing every nuance and painful private moment of a fascinating group of characters (the film co-stars Naomi Watts, Andrea Riseborough and Amy Ryan). The marks hit in Gravity may have been technically challenging and awe-inspiring, but rarely were they in the service of brilliant dramatic storytelling as they are in Birdman.

It's hard to think of a better ensemble cast this year (although Foxcatcher’s central three actors are a close threat), with Norton, Stone and Watts all deserving of nominations for their work. Keaton is on fire here, in a performance that lacks any kind of vanity. He has always been one of the most relatable and natural actors, not just in Batman (1989) and Beetlejuice (1988), but in Jackie Brown (1997), The Paper (1994) and The Other Guys (2010). He is this year’s Best Actor.

Birdman is full of incredibly bold and strong camera and performance choices, and every one of them pays off. As Riggan races onstage in his underwear from the audience (after getting locked out of the St. James Theater mid-performance, surely one of the funniest sequences in a movie this year), Inárritu’s camera moves backstage, past Jake hovering in the wings, and drifts to a hallway and lingers there. Inárritu simply lets the rest of the scene onstage play out off-screen, calling to mind a similar shot in Martin Scorsese’s Taxi Driver (1976). The shot of the hallway gives us a brief respite from the franticness onstage, but it also seems to grant a kind of dignity to Riggan, shying away from the stage in embarrassment, in horror at what he has to do to finish his performance. It’s representative of every technical choice in the movie working perfectly in tune with an emotional choice.

Earlier in the film, when Sam goes on a tirade against Riggan for desperately wanting to stay relevant, there’s not a cut (or, in this film, even a whip-pan) to Riggan’s hurt reaction after she spews vitriol at him. The camera stays on her face, and it’s absolutely the most powerful choice (and, man, does Emma Stone seize that moment). I can imagine how this movie would be edited by a filmmaker without Inárritu’s confidence and skill, but in his hands, every character in Birdman gets their own private moment of pain and suffering, and the harmonious way in which it all clicks together is the work of a master.

In an interview with Rolling Stone, Inárritu explains the movie’s subtitle, The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance, as referring to “Riggan’s total lack of experience in the theater world, how he goes into this for what may or may not be the right reasons but, somehow, it helps him get to a place where he can express himself better.” Beyond the film’s technical achievements and stunning performances, the reason Birdman resonates as much as it does is that the film doesn’t undermine Riggan’s attempt to stage this ambitious vanity project; in fact, it celebrates his risk. Throughout the film, Riggan is seemingly able to use his superhero “powers” as Birdman to control various elements in his world – he can fly, he can make objects move in his dressing room, he can send lights tumbling down onto unsuspecting actors onstage – but we get the sense that it’s only in his own mind, and nobody else suspects what he may or may not be capable of.

But, by the time we reach the wonderful final scene of the film, Riggan has not rejected Birdman, but embraced him. And, for the first time, someone else – specifically, his daughter – is able to see the powers that previously only Riggan could see. His risk pays off, and someone else is finally able to see him for who he truly is. 

2. Boyhood (Richard Linklater)

Richard Linklater has made a version of all of the movies I could ever hope to make, and more. He’s made the joyous backstage theatre drama (Me & Orson Welles), the best romance in recent movie history (the Before Sunrise, Before Sunset and Before Midnight trilogy), the story of the last day of school at an Austin high school (Dazed and Confused) and a dark comedy that explores the peculiarities of East Texas and its local flavor (Bernie).

With Boyhood, his twelve-years-in-the-making portrait of Mason (Ellar Coltrane) from age six to eighteen, Linklater has made his best movie, a masterful epic that brings to mind Terrence Malick’s The Tree of Life (2011), both in its ambition and in its Texas setting. Roger Ebert wrote in his review of The Tree of Life that he didn’t “know when a film has connected more immediately with [his] own personal experience.” I suspect many people will feel this way about Boyhood, too.

Oh, how this film will resonate for those who grew up in Texas. Linklater gets everything right – the recitation of the Texas pledge in public schools, the sound of white winged doves calling out over suburban neighborhoods, the Bible given to you at a certain age with your name engraved on the cover. 

Near the end of the film, as she’s sending her son off to college, Mason’s mother, Olivia (Patricia Arquette), says, “I just thought there’d be more, you know?” And that’s when the power of the movie hit me.

Though the movie has been lauded for its incredible twelve-year shoot, the greatest achievement of Boyhood is that you don’t really notice the characters (and actors) aging. The movie is so entertaining, the transitions so seamless, and the characters such a genuine pleasure to hang out with, that you lose sight of the fact that they’re growing up and maturing right before your eyes. By not focusing on overly dramatic or seminal moments that other filmmakers might make the focus of their coming-of-age films, Linklater gives the whole movie such a hang-out feeling that the trick is not thinking about the time. And I thought there’d be more. But that’s how it happens. It’s all over too soon, and perhaps the power of the movie doesn’t even fully register until you realize it’s all over.

In the first half of this film, Mason is pulled in many different directions, with adults offering out various ways through life. It’s not until about midway through Boyhood that Mason really emerges and develops a voice. That’s not an arc we see much in cinema, particularly with so much emphasis placed on active characters. But how are we formed? Aren’t we all slowly molded by the world around us? Much of our childhood is spent not thinking about the future and not making active decisions. We’re certainly not thinking about what we’re doing as part of some larger life structure.

Each of Mason's failed or potential father figures in the movie remain in my mind. I think of the sadness of Mason's second stepfather, who is a good man and a war veteran. But because of Mason's experience with his alcoholic, abusive first stepfather, he disregards his second stepfather's advice. There's absolutely no judgment here by Linklater. I've read articles that refer to Mason's stepfathers as a series of deadbeats, which is an absolutely incorrect assessment when referring to his second one, just as it's entirely incorrect to dismiss the gun culture of Mason's stepmother's West Texas parents as ridiculous. It's more about where Mason is in his adolescence than the rightness or wrongness of any of these potential guiding figures. It's about paths - the ones laid out before you, the ones you choose, even when you don't feel yourself making a discernible choice. 

Many of the major character changes take place off-screen. The movie is not unlike Kenneth Lonergan’s Margaret (2011) in this respect, where characters are allowed to leave a scene and have lives outside the movie. I think of Mason’s father, Mason Sr. (Ethan Hawke) growing from freewheeling dad in one section of the movie to a slightly more conservative and mature man entering his second marriage a bit later. We see how this change must have taken place. To witness the change itself is not necessary.

The actors in Boyhood are extraordinary, and you’d be hard-pressed to argue that any other film performances this year are really comparable to what Arquette, Coltrane, Hawke and Lorelei Linklater achieve in this movie. In particular, I’d like to see Hawke at the very least get nominated for an Academy Award for his performance – he’s an absolutely fantastic actor, extraordinary in everything from Linklater’s films to Sidney Lumet’s Before the Devil Knows You’re Dead (2007) to Training Day (2001).

As Linklater says in an interview, “At some point, you’re no longer growing up, you’re aging. But no one can pinpoint that moment exactly.” I can’t wait to see Boyhood again to see if I can pinpoint exactly where it happens, but I have a feeling I’ll be taken away on Mason’s journey once again and forget about that question altogether, enjoying my time with wonderfully real people.

I’ve had my own boyhood with Mr. Linklater (see the pictures to the left). I don’t mean to say he has any idea who I am, but by growing up in Austin and being interested in film, I (along with many others) feel a certain kinship with him.

He is our resident auteur, and more. He’s the friendly patron of the arts, the man sitting behind me at Hyde Park Theatre’s production of Killer Joe. He's the guy enthusiastically talking with cinephiles in between the Summer Classic Film Series screenings of Martin Scorsese’s Raging Bull (1980) and Goodfellas (1990) at the Paramount Theatre. He came to Waterloo Video to sign the newly released Criterion DVD of Slacker back in 2004, and I have my copy proudly placed atop my DVD collection. “To Jack – all the best. Rick Linklater.”

I’ve never been more proud to come from the city of Linklater. The Texas auteurs – Linklater, Terrence Malick, Wes Anderson, David Gordon Green – are responsible for many of the best films of the last few years (including two more movies on this list, The Grand Budapest Hotel and Joe). I can only hope that in a few months, we’ll be referring to Linklater as an Academy Award-winning director.

Special Note: In one of the scenes filmed at Austin High School, you can see the 2009 UIL One-Act Play State Champions banner hanging over the Preas Theater (for our production of Over the River and Through the Woods, in which I was one of the six actors). We didn’t just win State – we made it into a Linklater movie! 

3. Foxcatcher (Bennett Miller)

The strange, horrifying true story dramatized in Bennett Miller’s Foxcatcher begins and ends with billionaire John du Pont (Steve Carell) desperately wanting to fit in. As the film opens, du Pont calls on Olympic Wrestling champion Mark Schultz (Channing Tatum) and offers his Foxcatcher Farms estate as the training ground for the 1988 Olympics wrestling team.

Du Pont has never known real friendship or love, and Carell brilliantly plays him as a man who desperately wants both, but doesn’t have the slightest clue as to how to attain them. The scenes of du Pont watching the brotherly love between Mark and his charismatic brother and fellow Olympic Wrestling champion Dave Schultz (Mark Ruffalo), and trying to imitate that, are heartbreaking. 

There are so many tremendous, funny and tragic sequences in Foxcatcher, not the least of which involve the bond formed between du Pont and Schultz. At one point, the wrestlers, while training at Foxcatcher, cheer du Pont on when they see him at the shooting range firing a gun with local law enforcement. Taking this as a possible sign of respect, du Pont later brings the gun into the gym and fires a bullet into the ceiling – not to scare anyone, really, but just in a desperate bid to have the guys like him. When he later tries to bond with his wrestling team after a victory by getting drunk and railing against his mother (Vanessa Redgrave), it's terribly sad. As the picture goes on, the bond between du Pont and Mark gets stronger and stranger. In a wonderfully bizarre sequence set to This Land Is Your Land as performed by Bob Dylan, they even give each other haircuts.

And yet there is something about Mark that makes his bond with du Pont very real and striking and weirdly moving – they both seem very lost and alone, and find in each other a kind of companionship, at least until du Punt goes too far and humiliates Mark in front of his wrestling team. From there forward, it becomes Dave Schultz that du Pont courts.

The friendship between du Pont and Mark that sustains its way through the first half of the movie remains a bit of a haunting mystery, even after three viewings of the movie. What did they see in each other? Was there a moment where either one of them felt they had found a friend, however strange the circumstances were?

I cannot emphasize how strong the three central performances in this movie are – Carell, Tatum and Ruffalo give the best performances of their careers. Tatum performing with his posture alone is incredible. There are shots of him from behind where he expresses more with his back than many actors can with their face. He plays Mark as a hulking, semi-inarticulate brute, living in his brother's shadow.

But when Mark goes on a self-destructive eating binge after losing a key match, it's only Dave who can train him back to make the weight maximum. And the scene that follows – as Mark trains and Dave refuses to let du Pont into their world – is crushing for du Pont, precisely because he can't seem to be a part of it.

Dave almost helplessly watches as this strange encounter between his brother and du Pont falls apart, and his genuine attempt to make things better for both of them leads to the film’s tragic conclusion. It’s almost as if Dave, who is the only one of our central three who has found a way to a normal life, has to be brought down to the misery of the other two men. Ruffalo is heartbreakingly great in this role.

I came out of Foxcatcher feeling for all three men – even du Pont, whose loneliness must have been crippling, and a figure as charismatic and seemingly happy as Dave Schultz must have seemed frustratingly out-of-reach. Foxcatcher works so beautifully because Miller, through mainly subtext and looks among these three deeply different characters, makes the tragedy seems inevitable given who these people are. He makes us feel the Shakespearean weight of this story through subtext and small glances, and an inarticulable sadness that no amount of wrestling or brief friendships can relieve. With FoxcatcherCapote (2005) and Moneyball (2011), Miller has given us three of the great American films of the past decade. 

4. Inherent Vice (Paul Thomas Anderson)

There’s no one viewing of Paul Thomas Anderson’s masterful adaptation of Thomas Pynchon’s novel Inherent Vice. This is one, like Anderson’s The Master (2012), where you go back and discover more. After their collaboration on The Master two years ago, Anderson and star Joaquin Phoenix have outdone themselves here.

Doc Sportello (Phoenix) is a consistently-stoned private detective in early 1970s Los Angeles trying to make sense of an ever-evolving murder-kidnapping scheme brought to him by his ex-girlfriend Shasta (Katherine Waterston).

The party of the 1960s has ended when the movie starts. Doc is always on the verge of discovering something – he has a vague awareness of the larger, sinister forces that are corrupting Los Angeles – but it never quite coheres. But even when it looks like he isn’t quite up to the task of connecting the dots and bringing anyone to justice, sometimes Doc has moments when he understands things quite well, I think. These moments, though, are fleeting, like brief flashes of lucidity before crawling back into a melancholy hole of 1960s nostalgia. Even the chief missing person, Mickey Wolfmann (Eric Roberts), is so drugged out of his mind that he doesn’t seem to have a clue as to what’s going on.

The closest thing anyone has to resolution, really, is the return of saxophonist Coy Harlingen (Owen Wilson) to his family from the grips of a strange cult, which is really the most anyone can hope for in this world.

Both times I’ve seen the film, Inherent Vice strikes me as being at least partially about the friendship between Doc and hippie-hating Los Angeles Lieutenant Detective Christian F. “Bigfoot” Bjornsen (Josh Brolin), who both have been sort of rendered useless and irrelevant in their time. They both seek other careers – Bigfoot as an actor, Doc as a doctor. Bigfoot is an oaf who can’t get any respect within his own department and with his own seemingly conservative values, and the clues Doc writes down on his notepad are rarely solved.

By the end of the movie, Bigfoot and Doc seem to bond mainly because they both seem lost, adrift in the changing of the times and their inability to really lay down the law.

Martin Short, as Dr. Rudy Blatnoyd, is a hysterical highlight, and his scenes give the movie a wild and frenetic energy that is perfectly matched by the more melancholic feeling the rest of the movie provides. We get brief glimpses at the “grooviness” of the old world, and it’s ridiculously entertaining. With Inherent Vice, many people may expect a film that captures that "grooviness" for two-and-a-half hours straight, in the same vein as Anderson’s breakout masterpiece Boogie Nights (1997). But Anderson and Pynchon are more interested in the afterglow, the feeling of the hangover that follows the party. When the movie erupts in joyous moments of energy (such as when Anderson lovingly cranks up Les Fleurs by Minnie Riperton), we’re suddenly energized by the comic absurdity of it all. But for the most part, the movie is fused by a spirit that’s unlike any movie I’ve ever seen.

Not that Inherent Vice isn’t absurdly funny even in its more melancholic scenes – in fact, it’s probably the most I’ve laughed in a cinema this year (it’s funny that the best comedies now come in the form of auteurs going for broke, with Scorsese’s The Wolf of Wall Street easily being the funniest movie of last year).

Though comparisons have been made to Joel and Ethan Coen’s The Big Lebowski (1998), these are very different films, in that Lebowski revels in the lifestyle and philosophy of The Dude. I think Anderson is onto something a little darker here. The actual plot doesn’t seem to matter much in either film, but in Inherent Vice, Anderson doesn’t play for as much comedy with his stoned protagonist not understanding or trying to make sense of the narrative.

The flashback sequence to a happier time – with Neil Young’s Journey Through the Past playing over Doc and Shasta running in the rain and falling into each other’s arms on a block in Los Angeles – is representative of the film’s wistful tone in general. That scene is immediately followed by Doc’s strange present-day return to the same block, where an empty lot has now been replaced by a dental facility in the shape of a tooth (land development and the changing landscape of Los Angeles neighborhoods also play a large role in the movie, not unlike in the great Los Angeles noir Chinatown).

The movie feels like a nightmare, with Doc operating in a world that no longer makes sense, facing an unsettling sensation of forces beyond his control. I haven’t read Thomas Pynchon’s novel, but a close friend tells me this is one of the most faithful adaptations from book to screen he’s ever seen. Not only that, but the movie actually unearths some of the key themes buried in the book’s dense language. There’s no question that Inherent Vice leaves you with a very specific and unnerving feeling, and for Anderson to go within the book and access not only the complexity of the plot, but also to bring out the feeling in it, makes this film an incredible achievement. The last scene will stay with you for days, and though you may not know what, exactly, to make of it, there’s no question about how it makes you feel.

5. Gone Girl (David Fincher)

Early in the fall, I was lucky enough to nab a last-minute ticket to the World Premiere of David Fincher’s Gone Girl at the New York Film Festival. From the first frame to the last, this movie is absolutely brilliant and horrifying. I haven’t seen a movie that plays so well on our fears of the media ripping us to shreds.

Gillian Flynn, adapting her own novel, wrote one of the year’s best screenplays. The film concerns Nick Dunne (Ben Affleck), who is suspected of having murdered his wife Amy (Rosamund Pike) after she disappears from their Missouri home, and the media circus that ensues surrounding her disappearance. Fincher taps into a very scary reality, in which one lives the rest of their lives in fear of the media and public perception.

If you haven’t seen the film or read the book, you may want to stop reading here. With Amy, Gone Girl gives us a kind of female character rarely depicted onscreen – a cutthroat woman aware of the cards stacked against her and willing to destroy the lives of those around her to escape her marriage.  

Actually, the film gives us many different kinds of strong female characters. There’s diabolical Amy, yes. But there’s also Margo (Carrie Coon), Nick’s twin sister and confidante, who wants to believe Nick is innocent, but even she has her suspicions. My favorite character is perhaps Detective Rhonda Boney (Kim Dickens), whose seeming no-nonsense attitude actually masks a pretty admirable belief in innocent until proven guilty. She’s one of the few people who actually still believes in the truth – not even her male counterpart, Office James Gilpin (Patrick Fugit), is willing to give Nick the benefit of the doubt, instead taking the media’s instant-blame bait.

Left on the sidelines are those who refuse to play the media-circus game, like Tommy O’Hara (Scoot McNairy), who long ago resigned against Amy’s efforts and has paid the price of being a leper. Gone Girl argues that you have to be a cutthroat piece of crap to survive the circus. If Nick didn’t ultimately stoop to Amy’s level in the final third of Gone Girl and cater to the bait that the media wants, he would have spent the rest of his life in prison. In the end of Gone Girl, Nick and Amy more or less deserve each other, though the gender divide between who is to blame for this twisted marriage may make this the worst date movie ever.

This movie is a horror show, and nobody – particularly the media – is left unscathed. Gone Girl is disturbingly hilarious, and rather than hide behind politically-correct generic notions of gender, Fincher and Flynn actually address the differences in the ways in which men and women can play on each other’s deepest fears. I think that’s why the movie strikes such a nerve and leaves you so unsettled.

The movie is prescient in so many ways, particularly in the way it lampoons (or, sadly, merely depicts) the way we respond to these kinds of news stories. Fincher, who has become the master of the procedural with his masterpieces Zodiac (2007) and The Social Network (2010), scorches us again. He is perhaps the only big-budget filmmaker willing to show us the ugliness of the world in which we live.

6. Interstellar (Christopher Nolan)

The quiet of outer space is astonishing in Christopher Nolan’s Interstellar. Taking a cue from the majestic silence of Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), it was a joy to sit in the cinema and experience the vastness of the surrounding planets, wormholes and galaxies Nolan puts onscreen, hearing only the beautiful sound of the film projector running.

This is a positively gigantic movie. It’s Nolan’s most ambitious film to date, tackling huge themes and intercutting between stories set in outer space and on Earth. How many films consider whether we’re ruled by emotion or logic – and which benefits our survival? Interstellar is also Nolan’s most life-affirming and emotional movie to date, trading in the darkness of Inception (2010) and The Dark Knight (2008) for a tale of resilience.

The Earth is dying, and while most of the human race is scrambling to plant new crops and farm their way to survival on this planet, former pilot and engineer Cooper (Matthew McConaughey) is not content to wither away on Earth and watch his children die from the dust. He and his daughter, Murph, both adventurers and explorers in spirit, stumble upon the remaining scientists and physicists who comprise NASA, none of whom have Cooper’s experience and training as a pilot. With no hope for Earth’s future in sight, Professor Brand (Michael Caine) asks Cooper to pilot a mission into outer space to find an inhabitable planet for the human race.

Nolan’s dense, layered dialogue has developed with each one of his films into its own kind of language, with its own unique rhythms. These are unmistakably characters talking in a Christopher Nolan movie, and I mean that in the most complimentary way possible. Hearing McConaughey deliver these lines is immensely satisfying – I can’t think of a better actor to ground a film of this scope and magnitude. McConaughey himself is a bit larger-than-life, and we believe him for every second as he embodies the pioneering spirit that created America’s great space program. Just as Leonardo DiCaprio was the perfect actor to bring emotional weight and believability to the complex world of dreams in Inception, McConaughey is terrific here as the sincere pioneer who can save the world.

Nolan is one of the best emotional directors working, by which I mean that even when questions arise about how things work or what’s going on in the movie (even with characters providing a necessary amount of explanation, you’ll still have questions), Nolan is always there to guide us emotionally. But like Inception, which had a similarly heady plot, Interstellar is meant to be felt and experienced more than understood. And nobody can get you caught up in a film’s momentum, excitement and emotional power better than Nolan. This is exactly the kind of non-ironic, large-canvas epic that used to soar – closer in feeling to the Hollywood pictures from the 1980s, with the spirit of The Right Stuff (1983) and many of the best Steven Spielberg movies.

With a first act that vividly shows us life on Earth, a second act full of amazing space exploration (featuring a great surprise performance from one of our best actors, proving that you never know who will pop up in space), and an appropriately other-worldly and deeply moving third act, Interstellar is one of the best-paced big-studio dramas in years, spending each of its three hours absorbing us in a dramatic world that most films have forgotten.

And the film doesn’t stop there. Even during its resolution, Cooper keeps going – he’s only interested in moving forward, pioneering the next wave. With each film, Nolan keeps doing the same thing.

See Interstellar in glorious 35mm or 70mm film rather than digital projection, as Nolan would prefer. It’s far too rare these days that any thought or care is taken as to how a movie is projected in a cinema, and it’s gratifying to see Paul Thomas Anderson, with The Master, and now Nolan, with Interstellar, shoot their film a specific way and insist that many theaters show it that way.

7. Life Itself (Steve James)

I often walk out of movies and struggle to articulate the effect they have on me. Roger Ebert was a master at this. He always had a perfect turn of phrase to capture exactly what a certain movie felt like. Who else could write something like, “I was almost hugging myself while I watched it” of Cameron Crowe’s Almost Famous (2000)? I think of that quote every time I watch Almost Famous, because that’s exactly how the movie makes you feel.

On the opening night of Steve James’s new documentary about Ebert, Life Itself, I was moved to tears, just as I had been the first time I saw the movie in January. Walking out of Austin’s Violet Crown Cinema and seeing the peaceful Austin skyline before me, a banner poster of Boyhood proudly draped over the cinema, I was touched by a tinge of sadness.

Partially because this journey isn’t yet over. Many of us left have yet to enjoy our heyday. Some of us never get there. Roger Ebert did, and the morning after he passes away in Life Itself, Steve James shows us a Chicago infused with sunlight and purpose. Forty years ago, there was Ebert, part of the very fabric of that city, informing the lives of its people. And now, he’s gone.

This is to say I don’t know how to articulate exactly how I felt looking out at the city skyline after this movie ended. Certainly, I was overcome with sadness, knowing that Ebert is gone and not coming back. But I was also filled with joy, knowing that a city – in his case, Chicago – could contain a man such as this, who stood for the right things and whose writing guided so many people to see pictures they may never have seen otherwise.

The film’s score plays an integral role in this magnificent feeling. The music by Joshua Abrams hits a feeling somewhere between triumphant and mournful. There’s something truly grand about it – as soon as you hear it, it just feels right. It’s the score a life like this deserves. With the aid of that score, those final shots of trains running through Chicago the morning after Ebert’s death give the movie an almost transcendental power. This movie embodies such a specific feeling and attitude toward a man, his life and the city in which he lived.

Watching Life Itself, I understood, in a way, what people mean when they say death is a beautiful thing. The movie’s celebration of life and reconciliation with death took me aback. When I saw the film for the first time in January, I was focused on how well the movie illustrates Mr. Ebert’s impact on cinema and his relationships with many of the filmmakers he championed. But I may have missed the fearless quality of the movie to look at something deeper, going into the unknown and ultimately coming to peace with Ebert’s passing. I felt Ebert’s bravery more this time.

I’ve not seen a movie that treats death with such forthrightness since Sean Penn’s Into the Wild (2007), at least in the sense that death is accepted in both films and shown for what it is.

During one section of the movie, Ebert’s friend Bill Nack recites the last page of Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby by heart, and perhaps that’s as good a way as any to reconcile this thing that happens to all of us in the end. Life Itself is one of the best films I’ve seen, not simply because it captures what made Ebert so important and influential to the film community, but because it’s one of the few movies that’s left me with a profound impression about what it means to face death.

So, reflecting after the movie, I thought about this ether space – the space between the old world, where Ebert was alive and influenced how I thought of cinema, and this new world, where recent movies seem almost out-of-balance without his writing and guiding them to their proper alignment. As Ebert goes, so does a whole way of living, a whole time and place for me.  He is more than a part of my childhood. He is sort of the leader, along with Martin Scorsese, of everything I hold sacred and thrilling in movies.

And here was this new city in front of me, full of life and those who may never know what kind of man was here for a time and informed the way we feel and react.

8. Whiplash (Damien Chazelle)

Few movies pulse with the life and force of Damien Chazelle's Whiplash, which, like Birdman, is set to constant drum beats and never stops moving forward with purpose and energy. It's cut exactly how a movie should be cut - it's a small-budget independent movie, yes, but it doesn’t have any of the handheld naturalism that seems almost required of indies nowadays. Birdman and Whiplash move at the tempo of real life, and both seem so alive that anything could happen at any moment. 

Rarely have I felt a knot in my stomach that comes from a movie so correctly and viscerally showing me how it feels to sit in a big city classroom full of artists. Andrew (Miles Teller) is a drummer at one of the top music conservatories in the country, and he's willing to do anything to please his demanding instructor Fletcher (J.K. Simmons). The movie tackles the relentlessness with which one can pursue anything to be included in the pantheon of greats. 

Yes, it’s about bleeding for your art, like Darren Aronofsky’s Black Swan (2010), but at a certain point in the film, it’s also about having to face the fact that you’re never going to be the best at doing what you love. And then, even once you've faced that realization, how quickly that can turn around in an instant. There's that thought that always lingers in the back of Andrew's head, No, but in the end, I really will make it, and I will become the world's greatest drummer.

Andrew has to have all or nothing. When he gets expelled from the conservatory, he shoves away everything related to music. A comparison might be if I had to go see movies knowing I had somehow been banished from the film industry. You can’t be around the things that make you feel that way. You have to resign to the fact that you can’t be a part of it, and then remove it from your life entirely. Andrew reaches out to his ex-girlfriend, with whom he broke up so that he could concentrate on his craft, but she has a boyfriend. He's alienated everybody.

When Fletcher seems to give Andrew another opportunity - only to sabotage him in front of an audience - Andrew decides to play his own music anyway. With his ferocious musicality, it's as if he says, I can only survive onstage. My family isn't enough, my girlfriend has moved on, and this is the only way I can express myself - so you're going to let me play my drums! The energy is furious. The ending is a whirling, dazzling display – like a furious opera that expresses the anger and powerlessness that Andrew and Fletcher cannot.

Whiplash so easily could have been a movie that simply asks, where do you draw the line between artistic obsession and taking it too far? But Chazelle knows it's more complicated than that. Fletcher and Andrew match each other in their intensity and near insanity, and the ending is almost joyous in the sense that they’ve found in each other a kind of soul mate.

Andrew's father, Jim (Paul Reiser), gets a glimpse at the madness from the side of the stage, and he's essentially shut out of the equation. Andrew tried living a different life, a life without music, but he can't go back to that. It was empty. He doesn’t belong anywhere else – this is it for him. He only belongs onstage. 

9. The Immigrant (James Gray)

The first thing that struck me about James Gray’s The Immigrant, which I saw at last year’s New York Film Festival, were the faces of the actors in the film - so many haunted, gaunt and pale faces. People looked different in 1920s New York than they do today, and this is one of many important details that lend a great authenticity to this movie. One of the most beautiful-looking films I've seen in some time (photographed by Darius Khondji), the burlesque houses, crowded tenement buildings and spectacular magic shows for Ellis Island immigrants deeply rooted me in a time and place unlike anything I’ve seen since Martin Scorsese’s Gangs of New York (2002).

Gray, one of my favorite filmmakers, participated in a Q&A with the audience after the screening. The film is full of breathtaking, sweeping images of 1920s New York, and yet, like all of Gray's work, this is a very intimate movie. I asked Mr. Gray if, when writing the film, he was thinking about the number of large set pieces compared to the more intimate scenes with only a few actors. Gray answered that The Immigrant is the kind of film United Artists might have released back in 1978, but these days, it is, of course, very difficult to secure funding for a large-scale, dramatic period piece of this nature. So, yes, he did write thinking about the number of expansive scenes versus the intimate ones, and tried to include many of the larger set-pieces in the opening of the movie, allowing the picture to slowly grow more intimate.

As the film opens, sisters Ewa (Marion Cotillard) and Belva Cybulski, immigrants from Poland, arrive at Ellis Island. Belva is very ill from tuberculosis, and immigration officials escort her away to an infirmary. When their American aunt and uncle fail to meet them at Ellis Island, Ewa is nearly shipped back to Poland, before she crosses paths with Bruno Weiss (Joaquin Phoenix), a brothel-keeper on the Lower East Side. He offers Ewa a helping hand and a place to stay – provided that she work at his brothel and serve as a prostitute. Desperate to earn enough money to get her sister out of Ellis Island, Ewa agrees.

Ewa is referred to early on in the film as a ‘woman of low morals,’ as her behavior and promiscuity on the boat to America are called into question. Throughout the film, we watch as Ewa battles with her own sense of morality and what she feels she deserves. She tests her morality by continually engaging in behavior she feels certain will send her to hell, but in order to survive in America, she has no other choice. Late in the film, Ewa asks her aunt, “Is it a sin to want to be happy when you know you’ve done so many things wrong?” I felt myself growing an extreme distaste for Bruno, who subjects Ewa to so many awful experiences.

But in the same way that the characters in Robert Altman's Nashville (1975) defy our expectations of who will rise to the occasion*, so, perhaps, does The Immigrant subvert our expectations of Bruno. Though both the audience and Ewa may initially revile Bruno, my heart ultimately broke for him by the end of the picture, because he is, I believe, a good man. He is truly and hopelessly in love with Ewa and is trying, in his own flawed way, to earn her love. The jealously, longing and fury in Phoenix’s performance is breathtaking; this is a great companion piece to his extraordinary performance in Gray’s masterpiece Two Lovers (2009).

Jeremy Renner, as Orlando the Magician, enters midway through the movie and changes the dynamic entirely. Imbued with a bit of magical realism, his character shows Ewa that there’s something beyond the dreary life of prostitution. Again, though, our expectations are challenged and a harder truth sets in – while the dashing and charming Orlando appears to have all of the answers and offers Ewa a way out of this life, does he really love Ewa like Bruno loves her? And, ultimately, is he really looking out for Ewa any more than Bruno? 

There are not easy answers to these questions, and as the film goes on, the relationship between Ewa and Bruno grows more and more complex. Is Bruno taking advantage of her, or is he offering the best version of the American Dream of which he knows? Talking about the movie after the screening, Gray described the relationship between Bruno and Ewa as strangely “co-dependent." In the final scene of the movie, there is a forgiveness and understanding between these two that moved me deeply. The beautiful and haunting last shot of the film illustrates their separation and their connectedness. 

I came away from The Immigrant feeling so much for both of these characters. Joaquin Phoenix's Bruno belongs on a list with other recent characters in cinema who, for whatever reason, stay with me and earn such an unexpected amount of empathy (I think of Greta Gerwig in Frances Ha, and, further back, Ryan Gosling in Blue Valentine). After the screening, I told Mr. Gray that I think his work is incredible - between The Immigrant and Two Lovers, he has made two of the finest movies of the last decade.

*(In her review of Nashville, Pauline Kael wrote, ‘Who watching the pious Haven Hamilton sing the evangelical ‘Keep a’ Goin,’ his eyes flashing with a paranoid gleam as he keeps the audience under surveillance, would guess that the song represented his true spirit, and that when injured he would think of the audience before himself?’)

10. The Grand Budapest Hotel (Wes Anderson)

At one point, I didn’t think there would be a richer film in 2014 than Wes Anderson’s The Grand Budapest Hotel. And in many ways, there wasn’t. Second by second, I don’t think there’s another title on this list that gave me such joy and haunted me as much as this film.

This is the first Wes Anderson picture during which I can remember experiencing real fear and dread - particularly during the chase sequence in which the henchman Jopling (Willem Dafoe) follows well-mannered Deputy Kovacs (Jeff Goldblum) into a museum. I sat there thinking, well, Jopling isn't going to kill Kovacs. But when he does, it's horrifying, because the film and its sensibilities are as refined and dignified as the great M. Gustave (Ralph Fiennes) himself. And slowly, throughout the movie, this other world starts creeping in - best represented by the crude and villainous Dmitri (Adrien Brody) and his family.

The civilized but fragile world - lovingly created by Anderson's brilliant eye, filled with romance and wonder - crumbles, and by the end of the movie, it's only but a memory of a memory. Thirteen years ago, Anderson's The Royal Tenenbaums (2001) was my favorite movie of the year. The Grand Budapest Hotel may be his best film since Tenenbaums, and in any other year would have placed much higher on this list.

The Rest of the Best:

11. American Sniper (Clint Eastwood)

12. A Most Wanted Man (Anton Corbijn)

13. Nightcrawler (Dan Gilroy)

14. The Homesman (Tommy Lee Jones)

15. Under the Skin (Jonathan Glazer)

16. Noah (Darren Aronofsky) *full review coming soon

17. Wild (Jean-Marc Vallee)

18. Calvary (John Michael McDonagh)

19. The 50 Year Argument (Martin Scorsese and David Tedeschi)

20. Ida (Pawel Pawlikowski)

21. Locke (Steven Knight)

22. The Drop (Michael R. Roskam)

23. Joe (David Gordon Green)

24. Love is Strange (Ira Sachs)

25. Enemy (Denis Villeneuve)

Other Movies I Loved and Admired:

The Imitation Game (Morten Tyldum)
Night Moves (Kelly Reichardt)
Jersey Boys (Clint Eastwood)
Begin Again (John Carney)
I Origins (Mike Cahill)
Edge of Tomorrow (Doug Liman) *full review coming soon
Snowpiercer (Bong Joon-Ho)
Fury (David Ayer)
The Judge (David Dobkin)
Unbroken (Angelina Jolie)
The Theory of Everything (James Marsh)
St. Vincent (Theodore Melfi)
Kill the Messenger (Michael Cuesta)
Frank (Lenny Abrahamson)
Magic in the Moonlight (Woody Allen) *full review coming soon
Big Eyes (Tim Burton)
Rosewater (Jon Stewart)
Exodus: Gods and Kings (Ridley Scott)
Guardians of the Galaxy (James Gunn)
Men, Women and Children (Jason Reitman)
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (Matt Reeves)
Muppets Most Wanted (James Bobin)
The Lego Movie (Phil Lord, Christopher Miller, Chris McKay)
The Skeleton Twins (Craig Johnson)

Best Director: Richard Linklater, Boyhood

Runner-Ups: Bennett Miller, Foxcatcher; Paul Thomas Anderson, Inherent Vice; David Fincher, Gone Girl; Christopher Nolan, Interstellar; Wes Anderson, The Grand Budapest Hotel; Clint Eastwood, American Sniper; Damien Chazelle, Whiplash; James Gray, The Immigrant

Best Actor: Michael Keaton, Birdman

Runner-Ups: Steve Carell, Foxcatcher; Joaquin Phoenix, Inherent Vice and The Immigrant; Jake Gyllenhaal, Nightcrawler; Philip Seymour Hoffman, A Most Wanted Man; Channing Tatum, Foxcatcher; Bradley Cooper, American Sniper; Ralph Fiennes, The Grand Budapest Hotel; Ben Affleck, Gone Girl; Matthew McConaughey, Interstellar; Tom Hardy, Locke and The Drop

Best Actress: Marion Cotillard, The Immigrant

Runner-Ups: Rosamund Pike, Gone Girl; Scarlett Johansson, Under the Skin; Reese Witherspoon, Wild; Hilary Swank, The Homesman; Felicity Jones, The Theory of Everything; Amy Adams, Big EyesJennifer Connelly, Noah

Best Supporting Actor: Mark Ruffalo, Foxcatcher

Runner-Ups: J.K. Simmons, Whiplash; Ethan Hawke, Boyhood; Edward Norton, Birdman; Josh Brolin, Inherent Vice; Robert Duvall, The Judge; Martin Short, Inherent Vice

Best Supporting Actress: Patricia Arquette, Boyhood

Runner-Ups: Emma Stone, Birdman; Katherine Waterston, Inherent Vice; Rene Russo, Nightcrawler; Carrie Coon, Gone Girl; Kim Dickens, Gone Girl; Keira Knightley, The Imitation Game; Jessica Chastain, Interstellar; Naomi Watts, Birdman

Best Original Screenplay: Birdman

Runner-Ups: Boyhood, Foxcatcher, Interstellar, Whiplash, The Grand Budapest Hotel, Nightcrawler

Best Adapted Screenplay: Inherent Vice

Runner-Ups: Gone GirlWild, A Most Wanted ManThe Homesman, The Imitation Game